Garden of Eden

The Garden of Eden

The Garden of Eden is described in the Bible's Book of Genesis as being the area where the very first man, Adam, and his wife, Eve, lived after they were developed by God. Literally, the Bible speaks about a garden in Eden.
This garden forms part of the Genesis creation narrative and theodicy of the Abrahamic religions, usually being used to explain the origin of sin and mankind's wrongdoings.

The Genesis creation narrative relates the geographical location of both Eden and the garden to four rivers (Pishon, Gihon, Tigris, Euphrates), and three regions (Havilah, Assyria, and Kush).

There are hypotheses' that place Eden at the headwaters of the Tigris and Euphrates (north Mesopotamia), in Iraq (Mesopotamia), Africa, and the Persian Gulf. For many medieval authors, the image of the Garden of Eden also creates a location for human love and sexuality, usually associated with the classic and medieval trope of the locus amoenus.


Etymology

The Garden of Earthly Delights

The origin of the Hebrew, which it translates to "delight", may derive from the Sumerian term EDIN.
The Sumerian term means steppe, plain, desert or wilderness, so the connection between the words can be coincidental.
This word is known to have been used by the Sumerians to alude to the arid lands west of the Euphrates. Alan Millard has put forward a case for the name deriving from the Semitic stem dn, meaning "abundant, lush".

The story from Genesis

God charges Adam to tend the garden in which they live,
and specifically commands Adam not to eat from the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil. Eve is questioned by the serpent concerning why she avoids eating from this tree.
In the dialogue between the two, Eve elaborates on the commandment not to eat of its fruit.
She says that even if she touches the fruit she will die.
The serpent responds that she will not surely die, rather she and her husband would "be as gods, knowing good and evil," and persuades Eve to eat from the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil. Eve eats and gives the fruit to Adam, who also eats. At this point the two become aware, "to know good and evil," evidenced by an awareness of their nakedness. God then finds them, confronts them, and judges them for disobeying.

Expulsion from Paradise

God expels them from Eden, to keep Adam and Eve from also partaking of the Tree of Life. The story says that God placed cherubims with an omnidirectional "flaming sword" to guard against any future entrance into the garden.

In the account, the garden is planted "eastward, in Eden," and accordingly "Eden" properly denotes the huger territory which contains the garden, rather than being the name of the garden itself: it is, thus, the garden found in Eden.
The Talmud also states (Brachos 34b) that the Garden is distinct from Eden.